Complete Steps of TOEFL Exam to be Known by Every Test Taker

By | June 2, 2016

What is the TOEFL Test?

      Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) is a standardized test to measure the English language ability of non-native speakers wishing to enroll in American universities. The test is accepted by many English-speaking academic and professional institutions and understand English as it’s read, written, heard and spoken in the university classroom. TOEFL is one of the two major English-language tests in the world, the other being the IELTS.

Who Takes the TOEFL® Test?

       More than 30 million people from all over the world have taken the TOEFL® test to demonstrate their English-language proficiency. The average English skill level ranges between Intermediate and Advanced.

  • Students planning to study at a higher education institution 
  • English-language learning program admissions and exit 
  • Scholarship and certification candidates 
  • English-language learners who want to track their progress 
  • Students and workers applying for visas 

      More than 9,000 colleges, agencies, and other institutions in over 130 countries accept TOEFL scores. For more information, including using your scores to satisfy visa requirements in Australia and the U.K., how to find institutions that accept TOEFL scores and more.

Format For TOEFL-IBT Exam:

Initially, the demand for test seats was higher than availability, and candidates had to for months. It is now possible to take the test within one to four weeks in most countries. The four-hour test consists of four sections, each measuring one of the basic language skills (while some tasks require integrating multiple skills), and all tasks focus on language used in an academic, higher-education environment. Note-taking is allowed during the TOEFL iBT test. The test cannot be taken more than once every 12 days.


   The Reading section consists of questions on 4–6 passages, each approximately 700 words in length. The passages are on academic topics; they are the kind of material that might be found in an undergraduate university textbook. Passages require an understanding of rhetorical functions such as cause-effect, compare-contrast, and argumentation. Students answer questions about main ideas, details, inferences, essential information, sentence insertion, vocabulary, rhetorical purpose and overall ideas. New types of questions in the TOEFL iBT test require filling out tables or completing summaries. Prior knowledge of the subject under discussion is not necessary to come to the correct answer.


    The Listening section consists of questions on six passages, each 3–5 minutes in length. These passages include two student conversations and four academic lectures or discussions. The conversations involve a student and either a professor or a campus service provider. The lectures are a self-contained portion of an academic lecture, which may involve student participation and does not assume specialized background knowledge in the subject area. Each conversation and lecture passage is heard only once. Test-takers may take notes while they listen and they may refer to their notes when they answer the questions. Each conversation is associated with five questions and each lecture with six. The questions are meant to measure the ability to understand main ideas, important details, implications, relationships between ideas, an organization of information, speaker purpose and speaker attitude.


    The Speaking section consists of six tasks: two independent and four integrated. In the two independent tasks, test-takers answer opinion questions on familiar topics. They are evaluated on their ability to speak spontaneously and convey their ideas clearly and coherently. In two of the integrated tasks, test-takers read a short passage, listen to an academic course lecture or a conversation about campus life and answer a question by combining appropriate information from the text and the talk. In the two remaining integrated tasks, test-takers listen to an academic course lecture or a conversation about campus life and then respond to a question about what they heard. In the integrated tasks, test-takers are evaluated on their ability to appropriately synthesize and effectively convey information from the reading and listening material. Test-takers may take notes as they read and listen and may use their notes to help prepare their responses. Test-takers are given a short preparation time before they have to begin speaking. The responses are digitally recorded, sent to ETS’s Online Scoring Network (OSN), and evaluated by three to six raters.


    The Writing section measures a test taker’s ability to write in an academic setting and consists of two tasks: one integrated and one independent. In the integrated task, test-takers read a passage on an academic topic and then listen to a speaker discuss it. The test-taker then writes a summary about the important points in the listening passage and explains how these relate to the key points of the reading passage. In the independent task, the test-taker must write an essay that states their opinion or choice, and then explain it, rather than simply listing personal preferences or choices. Responses are sent to the ETS OSN and evaluated by at least 3 different raters.
    One of the sections of the test will include extra, uncounted material. Educational Testing Service includes extra material to pilot test questions for future test forms. When test-takers are given a longer section, they should give equal effort to all of the questions because they do not know which question will count and which will be considered extra. For example, if there are four reading passages instead of three, then one of the passages will not be counted. Any of the four could be the uncounted one.

Test advantages:

More than 9,000 universities, agencies, and other institutions in over 130 countries accept the TOEFL test, including top universities in Australia, Canada, the UK and the US.
  • The entire test is given in half a day, unlike other tests that make you come back the second day
  • Free resources and official prep materials — because there’s no better way to practice for test success than with tools from ETS, the creator of the TOEFL test

TOEFL iBT Test Scores

      Your scores are based on your performance on the questions in the test. You must answer at least one question each in the Reading and Listening sections, write at least one essay, and complete at least one Speaking task to receive an official score.
  • Reading Section (Score of 0–30)
  • Listening Section (Score of 0–30)
  • Speaking Section (Score of 0–30)
  • Writing Section (Score of 0–30)
  • Total Score (0–120)
     In addition to your scores, your test taker score report also includes performance feedback that is a reflection of your performance level and a description of the kinds of tasks that test takers within the reported score range can typically do.

Before you begin the Test

  • Make sure you have the following:
  • The identification (ID) you plan to bring with you on test day.
  • The name you use when you register must exactly match the name on the ID you bring to the test center.
To learn the specific identification requirements for your location, go here.

How much will it cost to take the TOEFL test?

   The test fee depends on the location where you will be taking the test. For more information on registration, fees, test dates, and locations.
Click here, To view the details.

Registration payment methods:

  • Credit/debit cards (American Express®, Discover®, JCB®, MasterCard® or Visa®)
  • Electronic check (e-check)
  • PayPal®
  • TOEFL voucher

Create a profile

Complete and review all four parts of your profile and click Confirm. This takes you to your Home Page where you will register.
This page allows you to:
  • Update your personal information 
  • View, reschedule or cancel your registration
  • View your scores
  • Order additional score reports
Sign up for the TOEFL Search Service, so universities can find and contact you if you meet their requirements.

Register for the TOEFL test

After you create a profile or log in:
  • On My Home Page, under My Tests, select Register for a Test
  • Under Select Product Type, click TOEFL Test, thenContinue
  • Complete the remaining steps as indicated on each screen 
  • You can register online anytime, day or night.
Click here, To view the Guide for Registering.

Regular registration deadline:
Seven days before the test date (not including the day of the test). So, if your test date is March 13, you must register by March 6.

Late registration deadline:               Three full days before the test date (not including the day of the test or the day of your request). So, if your test date is March 13, your last chance to register is March 10. You will be charged a US$40 late fee.

Rescheduling deadline:     Three full days before the test date (not including the day of the test or the day of your request); the fee is US$60.

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